The cycling competition includes hand, recumbent, upright and tandem bicycles. Competition events are time trial and road races. Road race distances are 10 km, 20 km, and 30 km based on type of bicycle and athlete classification.
Teams allowed six athletes from each gender for each competition classification.
Athletes are assigned classification categories based on functional abilities, including impaired muscle power/range of movement, limb deficiency and visual impairment.
Competition classifications are based on the type of bicycle used, as well each athlete’s ability. The lower the athlete’s class number, the greater the functional limitations.
New Event for 2018: Time Trial Cycling
The time trial event begins with a standing start and athletes compete against the clock to complete a set distance in the fastest time.
Cyclists who have limited use of their lower body use handcycles. Handcycles allow athletes to use their arms to power the bicycle, rather than their legs. Most handcycle athletes compete in a reclined position, while others kneel.
Tandem cycling requires two cyclists on one bicycle. The bicycle is specially designed with two seats and two sets of pedals. Only the front cyclist can turn the bike. Visually impaired cyclists ride tandem.
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