Wheelchair Basketball



  • Teams may enter a maximum of 10 players. Teams may be composed of athletes of the same gender or mixed gender.
  • The tournament consists of pool and bracket play formats. Upon completion of pool play, pool winners will advance to bracket play and determines which teams contest the Bronze and Gold Medal games.


  • Athletes are classified into one of three classification categories based on functional physical limitations: Minimum category = minimal functional limitations; Moderate category = moderate functional limitations; and Maximum category = maximum functional limitations.
  • A team must always have five players on the court. The maximum number of any ONE classification MINIMUM, MODERATE, or MAXIMUM players on the court at any one time is four players. Any other combination of classifications is permitted to field the court with five players.

Did you know?

  • World War II U.S. veterans developed wheelchair basketball in 1945. The sport was introduced on the global stage at the Rome 1960 Paralympic Games.
  • Wheelchair basketball retains most major rules and scoring of basketball, but some rules (e.g., traveling violations) have been modified with consideration for the wheelchair.
  • The wheelchair is considered to be part of the body. For example: A player is out-of-bounds when any part of his/her body or wheelchair touches the floor or any object on or outside of a boundary line.
  • To execute a dribble, players must allow for one bounce of the ball for every two pushes of their wheelchair.
  • Wheelchair basketball athletes are required to have a calf strap on their chair in order to stop players from using their feet to control their chair.
  • Wheelchairs can also have anti-tip casters, which are used to prevent the wheelchair from tipping over backward.